Breeding Regulation

by WKU / PKU


  1. The international pedigree regulation of the World Kennel Union (WKU) is mandatory for implementation by all member countries (WKU).
  • The regulations of the WKU refers directly to all countries – members of WKU and means that breeding work is conducted with purebred dogs registered in pedigrees and registers books of the national organizations-members of WKU, as well as international organizations having   a contractual relationship with WKU.
  • Only purebred dogs with normal temperament, healthy in functional and hereditary respect and registered in pedigree books or the registry (annex) of the national organizations-members of WKU, are allowed to breed.
  • Healthy in the hereditary relation are the dogs, which convey the characteristic features of the breed standard, the breed type and temperament, typical for this breed without any significant hereditary defects.
  • Dogs with disqualifying defects, are not allowed to breeding.
  • Countries – members of WKU are obliged to develop their own breeding regulations based on the WKU breeding regulations, setting out the goals of the breeding work
  • Breeding regulations of the countries-members may be more strict but can never contradict the breeding regulations of WKU


  1. Present regulation are created following the principles of humane attitude towards animals
  2. The regulations are obligatory for every county-member of WKU, breeders and stud dog owners.
  3. Breeding may be carried out only among pure-breed dogs, registered in the stud books and register books of county-member of WKU, as well as organizations having agreement relationship with WKU.
  4. Breeding regulations must promote multiplication of physically and psychically healthy dogs.
  5. The Annexes are an integral part of the regulations
  6. Standards of WKU for every breed are based on the country of origin standards and are confirmed by the standard commission of WKU.


  1. Breeding within WKU system is governed by the national Kennel organizations – member of WKU. Breed clubs, associations, private persons, can be members of national organization with the condition of keeping of the WKU regulations.
  2. National kennel organizations accomplish following work:
  • breed stock accounting
  • arrangement of breed stock examination on dog shows, litters examinations, testings, competitions,
  • issues of papers confirming examination results.
  • examination, tattooing, micro-chip implantation, issuance of pedigree documents.
  • litter registration application.
  • issue of pedigree documentations.
  • any of stud documentation is to be issued centralized, printed on single patterned blank forms.
  • the form of the stud documentations is to be designed and confirmed individually by every country.
  • the samples of the stud documentations (pedigree) of countries-members of WKU are to be issued of the main web-sites of countries-members of WKU.
  • the WKU logo is obligatory printed on the stud documentations of countries-members of WKU
  • when a dog is sold to live abroad, the national organization is to issue export pedigree certificate.
  • export pedigree certificate must be printed in English.


  1. Only dogs with pedigree certificates of the countries – members, registered or legalized in the pedigree or register books of WKU can be bred.
  • The dogs must have evaluation from a dog show, as a rule the mark should be not lower then “very good” (in some cases exceptions may be made by a special decision of the breeding commission of the cynological organization).
  1. Dogs can be used in breeding when they reach physiological maturity:


  • large breeds –  18 months
  • small and medium breeds – 15 months


  • large breeds – 18 months
  • middle size breeds – 15 months
  • small breeds – 12 months
  1. The dams are not allowed to be used at stud more than 3 times within 2 years.
  2. No dam over 8 years is to be mated. The age of dogs to be used at stud is not limited
  3. Breeds having working class (except hunters) need successful passing of a test or an exam of obedience under any type of training, accepted by WKU system – (IPO, VPG, BH etc.)
  4. Dogs from department kennels, trained for specific work should have papers of passing department tastings.


  1. Breeder is a person who owns (leases) a bitch in the period from mating till the moment when puppies are registered.
  2. When a mated bitch is bought, provided that the former breeder and the owner of the dog have made mutual settlements, the bitch’s possession is made at the time of purchase with all necessary documents attached and the breeder’s rights transferring.
  3. Lease of a bitch for stud use should be confirmed by notary registered agreement between old and new owners, mentioning all specific conditions, and registered by local kennel organization.
  4. Lease agreement is an integral part of documents set to register a litter. National Kennel organizations members of WKU are obliged to control use of bitch being in lease.
  5. A breeder has a right to register its breeders’ name in the national organization of WKU, where his dogs are registered and in this way will be protected from using of this name by other breeders of countries-members of WKU.
  6. A breeder has a right to do breeding individually according with the present regulations.
  7. For breeders, who have registered breeders’ name, the names of all puppies will obtain the breeders’ name right after or before the name of a puppy.


  1. National Organization – member of WKU may register breeding kennel name on its territory,  in case of need.
  2. A breeding kennel name can be registered to a breeder – member of the national organization – member of WKU at the age of not less than 18 years old, having zoo technical, veterinary, medical or biological education (any of the above) or a certificate of completion of breeding instructors, breeders or experts courses.
  3. The breeding kennel is created on the basis of the bitch breeding stock registered in the national organization – member of WKU. To form a kennel, its owner must own at least one breeding bitch.
  4. The owner of a kennel is required to work directly with the national organization – member of WKU, where he (she) is registered.
  5. The kennel should maintain its own book of mating registration and litter activations registration book and timely submit information for inclusion in the national breeding books of the organization – member of WKU.
  6. When registering a kennel, a cynologist from a national club is assigned to supervise his work


  1. A Kennel name and a breeders’ name applies for registration to the national organization- member of WKU
  2. A kennel name and breeders’ name is a part of a dog name and is used by the breeder for any of the dogs he (she) breeds not depending on a breed.
  3. Kennel name and breeders’ name is to be registered in the national organization – member of WKU, with implementation of the accepted abbreviation of a country The application of the registration of a kennel or a breeders’ name should be performed on the specific form and be different from other registered names.
  4. A breeder has a right to refuse kennel/ breeders’, registered earlier, however after the refuse he (she) cannot count on registration of other name.
  5. Registered kennel/breeders’ name ceases to be valid in following cases:
  6. when a breeder does not breed his (her) dogs within 8 years.
  7. in case of death of a breeder, if the succession of the breeders’ name have not been duly established
  8. Transfer of a kennel/breeders’ name is admissible at the consent of a holder of the name confirmed by the notarized agreement and subsequent written notification to the national organization.
  9. The county-member of WKU has no right to register a kennel/ breeders’ name to a person living in another country.


  1. Mating conditions and mutual settlement between owners of the bitch and the stud dog should be discussed prior to the mating and confirmed by the mating certificate.
  2. After the payment is done the owner of a stud dog puts one more signature in the mating certificate at the part where it says “the fee was paid; I have no claims”.
  3. Any financial disagreement between owners of a bitch and a stud dog are to be solved by court.


  1. The mating should be confirmed by the mating certificate of a specific sample and signed by the owner of a bitch and a stud dog.
  2. If a bitch was mated abroad, the litter is to be registered in the stud book of the organization, where the bitch is registered. The litter cannot be registered unless a copy of a pedigree certificate of a stud dog, mating permission certificate and certificate confirming the fact of mating are provided.
  3. A litter will not get registration documents in case when a bitch was mated with 2 or more male dogs and it has documented confirmation.
  4. It is recommended for owners of stud dogs to keep own mating registration book.
  5. Every national kennel organization should keep mating and litter registration books. The pages of the books should be numbered and stringed together.


  1. Litter inspection is vital element of stud dog breeding in WKU.
  2. A breeder has a right to inspect a litter by himself and discard inferior puppies. However, in case of need he (she) may invite specialist from local canine organization in order to consult concerning the litter.
  3. Individuals, which have a canine course graduation certificate (breeding specialists, breeds experts – instructor) have a right to examine a litter. Breeder and a stud dog owner have no right to examine the litter.
  4. The list of instructors should be confirmed by local canine organizations, kennel clubs or other divisions – member of national organization.
  5. A breeder is obliged to provide an inspector with ability to examine a litter, bitch, nursery as well as, books of litter registration and mating book, kept by the kennel.
  6. Correct maintenances of a stud dogs and puppies should be provided in conditions of high-grade feeding, contact with humans, enough space.
  7. Breeder should regularly deworm, vaccinate puppies.
  8. Litter examination should be done for puppies of any breed reaching age of 30 days (if all primary teeth have erupted.), breeder should be present.
  9. Litter examination certificate should be signed by an inspector only if all puppies have been identified by tattoo or microchip.
  10. Tattoo can be done by an individuals registered in the local canine organization, they are responsible for durability of the tattoo.
  11. Micro-chip implantation could be done by request of breeder if the rule is not regulated by other laws of the country.
  12. Litter examination certificate, litter certificate should be handed over to the department of national organization.


  1. Tattoo regulations are proceeded through a department of national kennel organization.
  2. The system, numeration, parts of a body (ear, inner part of hip) for applying a tattoo should be clearly stipulated, as well as assignment of individuals responsible for applying of a tattoo, their training, arrangement and time for a tattoo application. Tattoo numbers should be written in the pedigree books.
  3. Micro-chip should be implanted by specialist.


  1. Puppy’s card is a primary pedigree documents. Puppy’s card should be filled and signs by instructor based on litter examination certificate.
  2. Puppy’s card contains following information: Breed, full puppy name, sex, color, birth date, identification number, breeders last name and an address, owners last name and an address. Other information can be added by national organizations to their discretion.
  3. Names of puppies from the same litter should start with the same letter, breeders’ name should be included to the name of all puppies, whelped in the kennel. The same name in combination with breeders’ name can be repeated not earlier than in 20 years. Maximum quantity of symbols (including breeders’ name and spaces) – 30 symbols.
  4. Puppy’s card does not grant a right for use at stud and should be changed to pedigree certificate at national organization, after reaching age of 6 months and being examined on the puppy examination
  5. Pedigree certificate of national organization-member of WKU should be issued on a specific blank, it should contain WKU logo on the form. The document certified origin of a dog.
  6. Granting of the pedigree certificated is done by the national organization-member of WKU, based on the puppy’s card and examination mark of a dog.
  7. To the dogs, having height differentiation such as (dachshund, spitz, poodle, Mexican heirless dog, etc) pedigrees are issued no earlier than 12 months, with the provision of a dog description with the specified measurements.
  8. There are few versions of pedigrees available:
  • export pedigree certificated is issued for citizens of a country to participate at both national and international cynological events, within the country as well as abroad. For foreign citizens, when exporting dogs, for legalization and registration at their place of residence.
  • national pedigree certificated is issued in the national language and operates only within the country. Dogs can participate only in national cynological events.
  • Register pedigree is for a dogs with incomplete data on the origin. It can be both national and export.

Each pedigree must have a number, WKU abbreviation and a country code according to the letters of the ISO system.

  1. 9 Register pedigree certificate grants to a dog, which has less than 3 registered in the books of national organization generation, but has accomplished minimal requirement for breeding selection.
  2. 10 Change of dog owner should be registered in a national organization based on a written application of a dog owner. Personal information of a new owner should be notified in the application.
  3. 11 Co-ownership notifies in the pedigree certificate only in case of a notary confirmed co-ownership agreement.
  4. 12 In case of lost of a pedigree certificate a duplicate can be granted to the owner. Lost certificated loses its power.


  1. Stud books of national kennel organizations are the base of the stud breeding of dogs in the system of WKU. The information contained in the books should be as broad as possible.
  2. Following information should be present in the stud books: minimum 3 registered in WKU generations, mentioning dog names, pedigree number, colors, marks and titles.
  3. Along with stud books there are “Registered stud books” for dogs which have incomplete origin information within 3 generations. “Register stud books” have also information about dogs with pedigree certificates unacknowledged by WKU with a condition if the dogs meet the breed standard. A fact whether a dog meets a breed standard should be acknowledged on dog shows within WKU system by at least one expert, who has accreditation for judging the breed. Descendants of dogs registered in the “Register stud book”, transfer into a Stud book of National canine organization after reaching the full three generations information.
  4. When the national organization – a member of the WKU, for any reason, cannot keep the national book of purebred dogs (database), it can delegate this right to the WKU secretariat. The national organization submits data on pedigree dogs to the WKU secretariat, and receives technical support in the storage of information and the production of breeding documentation. Dogs are registered directly in the international base of the WKU. The national organization bears full responsibility for submitting data about dogs. This item is drawn up in a separate agreement.